An employment contract is a document in which you and your employer agree on the work that you are going to do, how you will do it and when. Your employer agrees to pay you an amount of money in exchange for the agreed work. You have a number of rights given to you by statute, but the basic relationship between you and your employer is covered by the terms and conditions of the employment contract. Your contract can be made up of any or all of the following terms;
If your employer breaches any of these terms, you will have a breach of contract claim in the employment tribunal or court. This sort of claim is also called a wrongful dismissal claim. The first thing you should do if you are still in employment is to raise a grievance with your employer.
These can be written down in the contract or spoken. A spoken agreement is as binding as one that is written down. It can apply even if you and your employer have not signed it. You may have a grievance because your employer is trying to change an express term of your contract or is not doing what is supposed to happen under the express term.
These are terms which are not written down in the contract but are as much a part of the contract as if they were. They have been developed by the courts (known as the common law) and will be implied in circumstances where it is necessary to do so, or if the parties would have agreed to those terms after discussions.
These are terms that are imposed by the courts if they are a necessary part of a particular type of employment contract. The most important ones are the term of mutual trust and confidence, and the duty of fidelity.
Terms can also be incorporated from other documents such as staff handbooks, and collective agreements.
CAB – Contracts of employment
ACAS – Contracts of employment
Money Advice Service – Employment Contracts; Your rights and key terms explained
Worksmart – Pay and Contracts
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