Detriment in employment

Overview

“Detriment” is a legal term. It means unfair action by an Employer against an Employee during employment which falls short of an actual dismissal. In Ministry of Defence v Jeremiah [1980] the Court of Appeal considered the meaning of detriment in the context of discrimination. Brightman LJ said;” I think a detriment exists if a reasonable worker would or might take the view that the duty was in all the circumstances to his detriment”. Lord Justice Brandon said; “I do not regard the expression ‘subjecting…  to any other detriment’ as meaning anything more than ‘putting under a disadvantage”.

In Shamoun v Chief Constable RUC [2003] the Court said that the test is whether a reasonable worker would or might take the view that the treatment accorded to them had in all the circumstances been to their detriment. Peake v Automotive Products [1977] held that detriment also includes financial or economic disadvantage.

The right not to be subjected to a detriment does not apply where the detriment is your dismissal.

 

Resources available

How to write a grievance that gets you what you want

How to write a grievance about bullying and harassment at work

How to write a grievance about changes to your employment contract

How to write a grievance about discrimination at work

How to write a grievance about the behaviour of a colleague, manager or supervisor

How to write a grievance about unauthorised deductions from your wages or salary

Disciplinary action and capability

Discrimination at work

Surviving a workplace suspension

Health and Safety Dismissal

How to fight dismissal on Probation

How to survive a criminal charge, conviction or caution at work

Social Media and Unfair Dismissal

Surviving a disciplinary investigation at work

Surviving Capability and Performance Management

The Disciplinary Hearing

 

Bringing a claim for detriment in the Employment Tribunal

If you suffer a detriment you can bring a claim in the Employment Tribunal under section 48 ERA 1996.

See – Legal tests that apply to detriment claims

You will have to prove to the Employment Tribunal that;

  • you have suffered some detriment
  • the detriment was caused by some act or deliberate failure to act on the part of your Employer, and
  • your Employer’s act or omission was done on one of the prohibited grounds set out above in the grounds for bringing your tribunal claim

 Time Limits for bringing a detriment claim

You must bring your claim within three months of the act or failure to act which you are complaining about. If you are complaining about a series of events, your time limit rans from the date of the last event (subject to ACAS Early Conciliation) – sections 48(3)(a) and 48(4A) ERA 1996

The Employment Tribunal has the power to extend the time limit where there is evidence that it was not reasonably practicable for you to file the claim in time (but this is quite rare so just make sure your claim is in time) – section 48(3)(b) ERA 1996

 

Remedies for detriment in the Employment Tribunal

The remedies available to you are laid out in section 49(1) ERA 1996, and must be reflected in your schedule of loss. The Employment Tribunal must make a declaration that you suffered detriment in your employment and may in addition award you compensation which takes account of the infringement you have complained about and any loss which can be attributed to your Employer’s act or failure to act – section 49(2) ERA 1996.

The compensation must include any expenses that you have reasonably incurred and the loss of any benefit which you would have received had it not been for your Employer’s actions – section 49(3) ERA 1996.

The Employment Tribunal can also make an award for injury to feelings.

 

Best of the web

Citizens advice – Legal tests that apply to detriment claims

Worksmart – What is detriment short of dismissal?

 

Disclaimer

This resource is published by Employee Rescue Limited. Please note that the information and any commentary on the law contained herein is provided for information purposes only. The information and commentary does not, and is not intended to, amount to legal advice. Employee Rescue accepts no responsibility for any loss occasioned to any person acting or refraining from action as a result of the material contained in this publication.

Further specialist advice should be taken before relying on the contents of this publication. You can send an e-mail to thelawyers@employeerescue.co.uk for such specialist advice if required.

Case Study

In the Scottish case of Collins v First Quench Retailing Ltd [2003], Ms Jacqueline Collins was awarded £179,000 from her employers when the off-license she managed was robbed. Ms Collins had been the manager of Victoria Wine, run by First Quench Retailing, for about ten years. When Mrs Collins started in the shop she had been concerned about security and raised this with management. Since 1977 there had been 13 reported crimes at the shop, including five thefts, one minor assault, one serious assault and one assault with intent to rob. There were two armed robberies in 1994 and four... Read More
Ms Jacqueline Collins was awarded £179,000 from her employers when the off-license she managed was robbed.Collins v First Quench Retailing Ltd
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